Department of Materials Science & Engineering

Energy Materials

The inexorable growth in the global demand for energy is raising fundamental problems in resource limitations and environmental pollution. Electricity -generation potentially provides a sustainable means for meeting the world's growing energy needs. New materials are essential in the development of new energy generation and storage technologies that use fossil fuels more efficiently with minimum emissions.

Two major examples are fuel cells (with polymer or solid-oxide membranes) for direct electrochemical conversion of fossil fuels to electricity, and advanced batteries that can efficiently store the electricity.

Fuel cells using fossil fuels can double the efficiency, with emissions of only H2O and ~ 50% less amounts of CO2. Materials advances are essential to increase the cell efficiency and lifetimes, as well as reducing cell -fabrication costs.

Advanced batteries (e.g. lithium) with new materials are necessary to increase the storage capacity and lifetimes. Porous carbons with tuneable pore size can be obtained by "burning" metal carbides in chlorine. The resulting materials can be optimized for hydrogen storage, high power density Li ion battery anodes, and supercapacitors.
Ceramics Ceramics
Ceramic materials offer education by combining the basic understanding of all materials to deeper e...
Composites Composites
Composite materials are a new class of materials that combine two or more separate components into ...
Surfaces and Interfaces Surfaces and Interfaces
Surfaces and Interfaces...
Corrosion Corrosion
The field of corrosion science and engineering is on the threshold of important advances. Advances ...
Computational Materials
Computational Materials...
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